Philltran
Created September 30, 2019

Throwing Shade

Use your voice to raise and lower your blinds.

IntermediateShowcase (no instructions)44

Things used in this project

Story

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Schematics

Lego Mindstorms EV3

Code

throw_shade.py

Python
The latest code is on github at https://github.com/philltran/throwing-shade
# Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.  All Rights Reserved.
# 
# You may not use this file except in compliance with the terms and conditions 
# set forth in the accompanying LICENSE.TXT file.
#
# THESE MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS. AMAZON SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS, WITH 
# RESPECT TO THESE MATERIALS, ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING 
# THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT.

import time
import logging
import json
import random
import threading

from enum import Enum
from agt import AlexaGadget

from ev3dev2.led import Leds
from ev3dev2.sound import Sound
from ev3dev2.motor import OUTPUT_A, SpeedPercent, Motor

# Set the logging level to INFO to see messages from AlexaGadget
logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO)


class Direction(Enum):
    """
    The list of directional commands and their variations.
    These variations correspond to the skill slot values.
    """
    FORWARD = ['forward', 'forwards', 'go forward', 'raise', 'up']
    BACKWARD = ['back', 'backward', 'go backward', 'lower', 'down']
    STOP = ['stop', 'brake']


class Command(Enum):
    """
    The list of preset commands and their invocation variation.
    These variations correspond to the skill slot values.
    """
    LOWER_BLIND = ['lower', 'lower blind', 'throw shade']
    RAISE_BLIND = ['raise', 'raise blind', 'remove shade']


class MindstormsGadget(AlexaGadget):
    """
    A Mindstorms gadget that performs movement based on voice commands.
    Two types of commands are supported, directional movement and preset.
    """

    def __init__(self):
        """
        Performs Alexa Gadget initialization routines and ev3dev resource allocation.
        """
        super().__init__()

        # Ev3dev initialization
        self.leds = Leds()
        self.sound = Sound()
        self.motor = Motor(OUTPUT_A)

    def on_connected(self, device_addr):
        """
        Gadget connected to the paired Echo device.
        :param device_addr: the address of the device we connected to
        """
        self.leds.set_color("LEFT", "GREEN")
        self.leds.set_color("RIGHT", "GREEN")
        print("{} connected to Echo device".format(self.friendly_name))

    def on_disconnected(self, device_addr):
        """
        Gadget disconnected from the paired Echo device.
        :param device_addr: the address of the device we disconnected from
        """
        self.leds.set_color("LEFT", "BLACK")
        self.leds.set_color("RIGHT", "BLACK")
        print("{} disconnected from Echo device".format(self.friendly_name))

    def on_custom_mindstorms_gadget_control(self, directive):
        """
        Handles the Custom.Mindstorms.Gadget control directive.
        :param directive: the custom directive with the matching namespace and name
        """
        try:
            payload = json.loads(directive.payload.decode("utf-8"))
            print("Control payload: {}".format(payload))
            control_type = payload["type"]
            if control_type == "move":

                # Expected params: [direction, duration, speed]
                self._move(payload["direction"], int(payload["duration"]), int(payload["speed"]))

            if control_type == "command":
                # Expected params: [command]
                self._activate(payload["command"])

        except KeyError:
            print("Missing expected parameters: {}".format(directive))

    def _move(self, direction, duration: int, speed: int, is_blocking=False):
        """
        Handles move commands from the directive.
        Right and left movement can under or over turn depending on the surface type.
        :param direction: the move direction
        :param duration: the duration in rotations
        :param speed: the speed percentage as an integer
        :param is_blocking: if set, motor run until duration expired before accepting another command
        """
        print("Move command: ({}, {}, {}, {})".format(direction, speed, duration, is_blocking))
        position = duration * 360
        if direction in Direction.FORWARD.value:
            self.motor.run_to_rel_pos(position_sp=(position), speed_sp=(speed), stop_action="hold")

        if direction in Direction.BACKWARD.value:
            self.motor.run_to_rel_pos(position_sp=(-position), speed_sp=(speed), stop_action="hold")

        if direction in Direction.STOP.value:
            self.motor.stop(stop_action="hold")

    def _activate(self, command, speed=500):
        """
        Handles preset commands.
        :param command: the preset command
        :param speed: the speed if applicable
        """
        print("Activate command: ({}, {})".format(command, speed))
        if command in Command.RAISE_BLIND.value:
            self.motor.run_to_rel_pos(position_sp=5000, speed_sp=500, stop_action="hold")
            print('running raise blinds')

        if command in Command.LOWER_BLIND.value:
            self.motor.run_to_rel_pos(position_sp=-5000, speed_sp=500, stop_action="hold")
            print('running lower blinds')

if __name__ == '__main__':

    # Startup sequence
    gadget = MindstormsGadget()
    gadget.sound.play_song((('C4', 'e'), ('D4', 'e'), ('E5', 'q')))
    gadget.leds.set_color("LEFT", "GREEN")
    gadget.leds.set_color("RIGHT", "GREEN")

    # Gadget main entry point
    gadget.main()

    # Shutdown sequence
    gadget.sound.play_song((('E5', 'e'), ('C4', 'e')))
    gadget.leds.set_color("LEFT", "BLACK")
    gadget.leds.set_color("RIGHT", "BLACK")

Lambda

JavaScript
The latest code is on github at https://github.com/philltran/throwing-shade
/*
 * Copyright 2019 Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.  All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the terms and conditions 
 * set forth in the accompanying LICENSE.TXT file.
 *
 * THESE MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS. AMAZON SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS, WITH 
 * RESPECT TO THESE MATERIALS, ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING 
 * THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT.
*/

// This sample demonstrates sending directives to an Echo connected gadget from an Alexa skill
// using the Alexa Skills Kit SDK (v2). Please visit https://alexa.design/cookbook for additional
// examples on implementing slots, dialog management, session persistence, api calls, and more.

const Alexa = require('ask-sdk-core');
const Util = require('./util');
const Common = require('./common');

// The namespace of the custom directive to be sent by this skill
const NAMESPACE = 'Custom.Mindstorms.Gadget';

// The name of the custom directive to be sent this skill
const NAME_CONTROL = 'control';

const LaunchRequestHandler = {
    canHandle(handlerInput) {
        return Alexa.getRequestType(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'LaunchRequest';
    },
    handle: async function(handlerInput) {

        let request = handlerInput.requestEnvelope;
        let { apiEndpoint, apiAccessToken } = request.context.System;
        let apiResponse = await Util.getConnectedEndpoints(apiEndpoint, apiAccessToken);
        if ((apiResponse.endpoints || []).length === 0) {
            return handlerInput.responseBuilder
            .speak(`I couldn't find an EV3 Brick connected to this Echo device. Please check to make sure your EV3 Brick is connected, and try again.`)
            .getResponse();
        }

        // Store the gadget endpointId to be used in this skill session
        let endpointId = apiResponse.endpoints[0].endpointId || [];
        Util.putSessionAttribute(handlerInput, 'endpointId', endpointId);

        return handlerInput.responseBuilder
            .speak("Welcome, you can start issuing shade commands")
            .reprompt("Awaiting commands")
            .getResponse();
    }
};

// Add the speed value to the session attribute.
// This allows other intent handler to use the specified speed value
// without asking the user for input.
const SetSpeedIntentHandler = {
    canHandle(handlerInput) {
        return Alexa.getRequestType(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'IntentRequest'
            && Alexa.getIntentName(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'SetSpeedIntent';
    },
    handle: function (handlerInput)          {

        // Bound speed to (1-1000)
        let speed = Alexa.getSlotValue(handlerInput.requestEnvelope, 'Speed');
        speed = Math.max(1, Math.min(1000, parseInt(speed)));
        Util.putSessionAttribute(handlerInput, 'speed', speed);

        return handlerInput.responseBuilder
            .speak(`speed set to ${speed} units.`)
            .reprompt("awaiting command")
            .getResponse();
    }
};

// Construct and send a custom directive to the connected gadget with
// data from the MoveIntent request.
const MoveIntentHandler = {
    canHandle(handlerInput) {
        return Alexa.getRequestType(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'IntentRequest'
            && Alexa.getIntentName(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'MoveIntent';
    },
    handle: function (handlerInput) {
        const request = handlerInput.requestEnvelope;
        const direction = Alexa.getSlotValue(request, 'Direction');

        // Duration is optional, use default if not available
        const duration = Alexa.getSlotValue(request, 'Duration') || "2";

        // Get data from session attribute
        const attributesManager = handlerInput.attributesManager;
        const speed = attributesManager.getSessionAttributes().speed || "500";
        const endpointId = attributesManager.getSessionAttributes().endpointId || [];

        // Construct the directive with the payload containing the move parameters
        const directive = Util.build(endpointId, NAMESPACE, NAME_CONTROL,
            {
                type: 'move',
                direction: direction,
                duration: duration,
                speed: speed
            });

        const speechOutput = (direction === "brake")
            ?  "Applying brake"
            : `${direction} ${duration} seconds at ${speed} speed`;

        return handlerInput.responseBuilder
            .speak(speechOutput)
            .reprompt("awaiting command")
            .addDirective(directive)
            .getResponse();
    }
};

// Construct and send a custom directive to the connected gadget with data from
// the SetCommandIntent request.
const SetCommandIntentHandler = {
    canHandle(handlerInput) {
        return Alexa.getRequestType(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'IntentRequest'
            && Alexa.getIntentName(handlerInput.requestEnvelope) === 'SetCommandIntent';
    },
    handle: function (handlerInput) {

        let command = Alexa.getSlotValue(handlerInput.requestEnvelope, 'Command');
        if (!command) {
            return handlerInput.responseBuilder
                .speak("Can you repeat that?")
                .reprompt("What was that again?").getResponse();
        }

        const attributesManager = handlerInput.attributesManager;
        let endpointId = attributesManager.getSessionAttributes().endpointId || [];
        let speed = attributesManager.getSessionAttributes().speed || "50";

        // Construct the directive with the payload containing the move parameters
        let directive = Util.build(endpointId, NAMESPACE, NAME_CONTROL,
            {
                type: 'command',
                command: command,
                speed: speed
            });

        return handlerInput.responseBuilder
            .speak(`command ${command} activated`)
            .reprompt("awaiting command")
            .addDirective(directive)
            .getResponse();
    }
};

// The SkillBuilder acts as the entry point for your skill, routing all request and response
// payloads to the handlers above. Make sure any new handlers or interceptors you've
// defined are included below. The order matters - they're processed top to bottom.
exports.handler = Alexa.SkillBuilders.custom()
    .addRequestHandlers(
        LaunchRequestHandler,
        SetSpeedIntentHandler,
        SetCommandIntentHandler,
        MoveIntentHandler,
        Common.HelpIntentHandler,
        Common.CancelAndStopIntentHandler,
        Common.SessionEndedRequestHandler,
        Common.IntentReflectorHandler, // make sure IntentReflectorHandler is last so it doesn't override your custom intent handlers
    )
    .addRequestInterceptors(Common.RequestInterceptor)
    .addErrorHandlers(
        Common.ErrorHandler,
    )
    .lambda();

Throwing Shade

Credits

Philltran

Philltran

3 projects • 2 followers

Comments