Daniel Rossi
Published © GPL3+

ESP32-CAM Python stream OpenCV Example

Hack the ESP32-CAM streaming WebServer to read frames with OpenCV or to connect it to Home Assistant!

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ESP32-CAM Python stream OpenCV Example

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Code

ESP32_CAM_PYTHON_STREAM_OPENCV.py

Python
run this code on your computer for accessing remotely to the ESP CAM
import cv2
import numpy as np

import requests

'''
INFO SECTION
- if you want to monitor raw parameters of ESP32CAM, open the browser and go to http://192.168.x.x/status
- command can be sent through an HTTP get composed in the following way http://192.168.x.x/control?var=VARIABLE_NAME&val=VALUE (check varname and value in status)
'''

# ESP32 URL
URL = "insert here the Esp-cam URL, eg. http://192.168.1.1"
AWB = True

# Face recognition and opencv setup
cap = cv2.VideoCapture(URL + ":81/stream")
face_classifier = cv2.CascadeClassifier('haarcascade_frontalface_alt.xml') # insert the full path to haarcascade file if you encounter any problem

def set_resolution(url: str, index: int=1, verbose: bool=False):
    try:
        if verbose:
            resolutions = "10: UXGA(1600x1200)\n9: SXGA(1280x1024)\n8: XGA(1024x768)\n7: SVGA(800x600)\n6: VGA(640x480)\n5: CIF(400x296)\n4: QVGA(320x240)\n3: HQVGA(240x176)\n0: QQVGA(160x120)"
            print("available resolutions\n{}".format(resolutions))

        if index in [10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 0]:
            requests.get(url + "/control?var=framesize&val={}".format(index))
        else:
            print("Wrong index")
    except:
        print("SET_RESOLUTION: something went wrong")

def set_quality(url: str, value: int=1, verbose: bool=False):
    try:
        if value >= 10 and value <=63:
            requests.get(url + "/control?var=quality&val={}".format(value))
    except:
        print("SET_QUALITY: something went wrong")

def set_awb(url: str, awb: int=1):
    try:
        awb = not awb
        requests.get(url + "/control?var=awb&val={}".format(1 if awb else 0))
    except:
        print("SET_QUALITY: something went wrong")
    return awb

if __name__ == '__main__':
    set_resolution(URL, index=8)

    while True:
        if cap.isOpened():
            ret, frame = cap.read()

            if ret:
                gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
                gray = cv2.equalizeHist(gray)

                faces = face_classifier.detectMultiScale(gray)
                for (x, y, w, h) in faces:
                    center = (x + w//2, y + h//2)
                    frame = cv2.rectangle(frame, (x, y), (x + w, y + h), (255, 255, 0), 4)

            cv2.imshow("frame", frame)

            key = cv2.waitKey(1)

            if key == ord('r'):
                idx = int(input("Select resolution index: "))
                set_resolution(URL, index=idx, verbose=True)

            elif key == ord('q'):
                val = int(input("Set quality (10 - 63): "))
                set_quality(URL, value=val)

            elif key == ord('a'):
                AWB = set_awb(URL, AWB)

            elif key == 27:
                break

    cv2.destroyAllWindows()
    cap.release()

Credits

Daniel Rossi

Daniel Rossi

7 projects • 23 followers
PhD Candidate in ICT @ AImageLab - University of Modena and Reggio Emilia Instagram: @officialprojecto

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