Mirko Pavleski
Published © GPL3+

DIY Simple Square Wave Generator Up to 1MHz

This is a simple square-wave generator that basically uses the TimerOne library allow you to generate a PWM signal at pin 9.

BeginnerFull instructions provided34,555
DIY Simple Square Wave Generator Up to 1MHz

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Arduino Nano R3
Arduino Nano R3
×1
Standard LCD - 16x2 White on Blue
Adafruit Standard LCD - 16x2 White on Blue
×1
Pushbutton Switch, Momentary
Pushbutton Switch, Momentary
×3
Single Turn Potentiometer- 10k ohms
Single Turn Potentiometer- 10k ohms
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE

Story

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Schematics

Schematic

Code

Arduino code

C/C++
#include <TimerOne.h>
#include <LiquidCrystal.h>
LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);// RS,E,D4,D5,D6,D7
unsigned long t=1000,f,k=512;// default 1000 μs (1000 Hz), meander, pulse 


byte k1,kn,kn1,kn2;
int drive,drive0;

void setup()
{ 
  lcd.begin(16, 2);// LCD 16X2
  pinMode(9, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(6,INPUT);// button at input 6
  pinMode(7,INPUT);// button at input 7 
  pinMode(13,INPUT);// button at input 13
}
void loop()
{
  Timer1.initialize(t); // period    
  Timer1.pwm(9, k); // k - fill factor 0-1023. 
  kn=digitalRead(6);// button input 6 (- pulse period) 
  kn1=digitalRead(7);// button input 7 (+ pulse period)
  kn2=digitalRead(13);// button input 13 (+ circle fill factor)

  if(kn==HIGH){ // decreasing the period 
    drive++;
    if(drive<30){ 
      t=t-1;  
    }
    // if the button is held for a long time, the correction of the pulse 


    else if(drive>30 && drive<60 ){ 
      t=t-10; 
    }
    else if(drive>=60 && drive<100){
      t=t-100;
    }
    else if(drive>=100){
      t=t-1000;
    }
  }
  else{
    drive=0;
  }

  if(kn1==HIGH){// adding a period 
    drive0++;
    if(drive0<30){
      t=t+1; 
      // if the button is held for a long time, the correction of the 


    }
    else if(drive0>30 && drive0<60 ){ 
      t=t+10; 
    }
    else if(drive0>=60 && drive0<100){
      t=t+100;
    }
    else if(drive0>=100){
      t=t+1000;
    }
  } 
  else{
    drive0=0;
  }
  if(t==0 || t>300000){ // limiting the pulse duration to the minimum, if 


    t=1;
  }
  if(t>200000 && t<300000){ // limiting the pulse duration to the 




    t=200000;
  } 
  f=1000000/t; // calculate the frequency 
  k1=k*100/1024; // calculate% fill factor

  if(kn2==HIGH){// button for adjusting the fill factor (in a circle from 


    k=k+16;// step 16 out of 1024 (you can do 8 for smoother adjustment)
  }
  if(k==1024){
    k=0;
  }
// displaying information on the indicator
  lcd.setCursor(0,0); 
  lcd.print("T=");
  lcd.print(t);
  lcd.print(" us");
  lcd.setCursor(12,0);
  lcd.print(k1);
  lcd.print(" %");
  lcd.setCursor(0,1); 
  lcd.print("F=");
  lcd.print(f);
  lcd.print(" Hz");
  delay(300);
  lcd.setCursor(0,0); 
  lcd.print("                ");
  lcd.setCursor(0,1); 
  lcd.print("                ");
}

Credits

Mirko Pavleski

Mirko Pavleski

37 projects • 734 followers

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