Ingo Lohs
Published © GPL3+

AC Current Sensor

Anyone thinking of an Australian hard-rock band at AC/DC is absolutely right here.

EasyProtip1 hour1,638
AC Current Sensor

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
2 pieces: male2female
×1
AC Current Sensor
http://www.chinalctech.com/index.php?_m=mod_product&_a=view&p_id=722
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino Web Editor
Arduino Web Editor

Story

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Code

Thx to Henry Bench

C/C++
http://henrysbench.capnfatz.com/henrys-bench/arduino-current-measurements/ta12-100-arduino-ac-current-sensor-tutorial/
/*
http://www.chinalctech.com/index.php?_m=mod_product&_a=view&p_id=722
http://henrysbench.capnfatz.com/henrys-bench/arduino-current-measurements/ta12-100-arduino-ac-current-sensor-tutorial/
*/

// Henry's Bench TA-1200 AC Current Sensor Tutorial


int sensorTA12 = A0; // Analog input pin that sensor is attached to

float nVPP;   // Voltage measured across resistor
float nCurrThruResistorPP; // Peak Current Measured Through Resistor
float nCurrThruResistorRMS; // RMS current through Resistor
float nCurrentThruWire;     // Actual RMS current in Wire

void setup() 
 {
   Serial.begin(9600); 
   pinMode(sensorTA12, INPUT);
 }
 
 
 void loop() 
 {
   
   
   nVPP = getVPP();
   
   /*
   Use Ohms law to calculate current across resistor
   and express in mA 
   */
   
   nCurrThruResistorPP = (nVPP/200.0) * 1000.0;
   
   /* 
   Use Formula for SINE wave to convert
   to RMS 
   */
   
   nCurrThruResistorRMS = nCurrThruResistorPP * 0.707;
   
   /* 
   Current Transformer Ratio is 1000:1...
   
   Therefore current through 200 ohm resistor
   is multiplied by 1000 to get input current
   */
   
   nCurrentThruWire = nCurrThruResistorRMS * 1000;

   
   Serial.print("Volts Peak : ");
   Serial.println(nVPP,3);
 
   
   Serial.print("Current Through Resistor (Peak) : ");
   Serial.print(nCurrThruResistorPP,3);
   Serial.println(" mA Peak to Peak");
   
   Serial.print("Current Through Resistor (RMS) : ");
   Serial.print(nCurrThruResistorRMS,3);
   Serial.println(" mA RMS");
   
   Serial.print("Current Through Wire : ");
   Serial.print(nCurrentThruWire,3);
   Serial.println(" mA RMS");
   
   Serial.println();
    
   
   

 }


 /************************************ 
In order to calculate RMS current, we need to know
the peak to peak voltage measured at the output across the
200 Ohm Resistor

The following function takes one second worth of samples
and returns the peak value that is measured
 *************************************/
 
 
float getVPP()
{
  float result;
  int readValue;             //value read from the sensor
  int maxValue = 0;          // store max value here
   uint32_t start_time = millis();
   while((millis()-start_time) < 1000) //sample for 1 Sec
   {
       readValue = analogRead(sensorTA12);
       // see if you have a new maxValue
       if (readValue > maxValue) 
       {
           /*record the maximum sensor value*/
           maxValue = readValue;
       }
   }
   
   // Convert the digital data to a voltage
   result = (maxValue * 5.0)/1024.0;
  
   return result;
 }

Credits

Ingo Lohs

Ingo Lohs

32 projects • 47 followers
I am well over 40 years and come from the middle of Germany. You can contact me also in German. Donation for projects: paypal.me/ingolohs
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