Arduino “having11” Guy
Published © GPL3+

The ULTIMATE Gumball Machine

LEDs, WiFi, automatic dispensing, an LCD screen — it's got it all. This gumball machine lets users interact with it via a webpage.

IntermediateFull instructions provided10 hours446
The ULTIMATE Gumball Machine

Things used in this project

Hardware components

DFRobot 2.8in TFT Screen
×1
Teensy 3.5
Teensy 3.5
×1
SparkFun ESP8266 Thing - Dev Board
SparkFun ESP8266 Thing - Dev Board
×1
WS2812 LED Strip
×1
White arcade button
×1
DFRobot Stepper motor
×1
Driver DRV8825 for Stepper Motors for Theremino System
Driver DRV8825 for Stepper Motors for Theremino System
×1

Software apps and online services

Node.js
Fusion 360
Autodesk Fusion 360
Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE

Hand tools and fabrication machines

3D Printer (generic)
3D Printer (generic)
Soldering iron (generic)
Soldering iron (generic)
CNC router
jigsaw

Story

Read more

Custom parts and enclosures

Parts to 3D Print

Code

Teensy Code

C/C++
#define TFT_CS 2
#define TFT_DC 5
#define SD_CS   BUILTIN_SDCARD
#define DIR_PIN 16
#define STEP_PIN 17
#define LED_PIN 20
#define BUTTON_PIN 30
#define NUMPIXELS 20
#define RPM 60
#define MOTOR_STEPS 200
#define MICROSTEPS 1
//#define rxPin 36
//#define txPin 37

#include <SPI.h>
#include <SD.h>
#include <Adafruit_ILI9341.h>
#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>
#include <Arduino.h>
#include "BasicStepperDriver.h"
//#include <SoftwareSerial.h>

Adafruit_NeoPixel pixels = Adafruit_NeoPixel(NUMPIXELS, LED_PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);
int LEDColors[] = {pixels.Color(255,0,0),pixels.Color(0,255,0),pixels.Color(0,0,255),pixels.Color(200,0,200),pixels.Color(0,0,0)};

BasicStepperDriver stepper(MOTOR_STEPS, DIR_PIN, STEP_PIN);

//SoftwareSerial Serial4 = SoftwareSerial(rxPin, txPin);

bool button_pressed = false;

Adafruit_ILI9341 tft = Adafruit_ILI9341(TFT_CS, TFT_DC);

void setup(){
    //pinMode(rxPin, INPUT);
    //pinMode(txPin, OUTPUT);
    Serial.begin(9600);
    Serial4.begin(9600);
    delay(500);
    SPI.setMOSI(7);
    SPI.setSCK(14);
    if(SD.begin(SD_CS)){
      Serial.println("Success");
      File entry = SD.open("MAINPAGE.BMP");
      if(entry != NULL){
      Serial.println(entry.name());
      }
      entry.close();
  }
  stepper.begin(RPM, MICROSTEPS);
  tft.begin();
  pixels.begin();
  tft.setRotation(1);
  pixels.setBrightness(75);
  pinMode(BUTTON_PIN,INPUT_PULLUP);
  attachInterrupt(BUTTON_PIN,set_button,FALLING);
  tft.setTextColor(0x0000);
  tft.fillScreen(0xFFFF);
  tft.setCursor(0,0);
  tft.print("HI");
  setAllPixels(0);
  //displayDispensing();
  delay(3000);
  loadMainPage();
}

elapsedMillis timer1;

void loop(){
    if(button_pressed){
        button_pressed = false;
        dispense();
    }
    if(Serial4.available()){
        String cmd = Serial4.readStringUntil(',');
        Serial.print(cmd);
        Serial.print(',');
        if(cmd=="LED"){
            String color = Serial4.readStringUntil('\n');
            Serial.println(color);
            if(color=="RED\r"){
                setAllPixels(0);
            }
            else if(color=="GREEN\r"){
                setAllPixels(1);
            }
            else if(color=="BLUE\r"){
                setAllPixels(2);
            }
            else if(color=="PURPLE\r"){
                setAllPixels(3);
            }
            else if(color=="BLACK\r"){
                setAllPixels(4);
            }
        }
        else if(cmd=="DISPENSE"){
            String cmd2 = Serial4.readStringUntil('\n');
            Serial.println(cmd2);
            if(cmd2=="true\r"){
                if(timer1>5000){
                //displayDispensing();
                dispense();
                }
            }
        }
    }
    
}

void loadMainPage(){
    tft.fillScreen(0xFFFF);
    bmpDraw("MAINPAGE.BMP",0,0);
}

void displayDispensing(){
    tft.fillScreen(0xFFFF);
    tft.setTextSize(3);
    tft.setCursor(90,30);
    tft.print("Dispensing \n");
    tft.setCursor(100,80);
    tft.print("gumball!");
    delay(3000);
    loadMainPage();
}

void dispense(){
    Serial.println("Dispensing");
    displayDispensing();
    stepper.move(259);
    delay(3000);
    loadMainPage();
}

void set_button(){
    button_pressed = true;
    delay(200);
}

void setAllPixels(int colorNum){
    Serial.print("Setting pixels to ");Serial.println(colorNum);
    for(int i=0;i<NUMPIXELS;i++){
        pixels.setPixelColor(i, LEDColors[colorNum]);
    }
    pixels.show();
}

#define BUFFPIXEL 20

void bmpDraw(char *filename, int16_t x, int16_t y) {

  File     bmpFile;
  int      bmpWidth, bmpHeight;   // W+H in pixels
  uint8_t  bmpDepth;              // Bit depth (currently must be 24)
  uint32_t bmpImageoffset;        // Start of image data in file
  uint32_t rowSize;               // Not always = bmpWidth; may have padding
  uint8_t  sdbuffer[3*BUFFPIXEL]; // pixel buffer (R+G+B per pixel)
  uint8_t  buffidx = sizeof(sdbuffer); // Current position in sdbuffer
  boolean  goodBmp = false;       // Set to true on valid header parse
  boolean  flip    = true;        // BMP is stored bottom-to-top
  int      w, h, row, col, x2, y2, bx1, by1;
  uint8_t  r, g, b;
  uint32_t pos = 0, startTime = millis();

  if((x >= tft.width()) || (y >= tft.height())) return;

  Serial.println();
  Serial.print(F("Loading image '"));
  Serial.print(filename);
  Serial.println('\'');

  // Open requested file on SD card
  bmpFile = SD.open(filename);
  /*if ((bmpFile = SD.open(filename)) == NULL) {
    Serial.print(F("File not found"));
    return;
  }*/

  // Parse BMP header
  if(read16(bmpFile) == 0x4D42) { // BMP signature
    Serial.print(F("File size: ")); Serial.println(read32(bmpFile));
    (void)read32(bmpFile); // Read & ignore creator bytes
    bmpImageoffset = read32(bmpFile); // Start of image data
    Serial.print(F("Image Offset: ")); Serial.println(bmpImageoffset, DEC);
    // Read DIB header
    Serial.print(F("Header size: ")); Serial.println(read32(bmpFile));
    bmpWidth  = read32(bmpFile);
    bmpHeight = read32(bmpFile);
    if(read16(bmpFile) == 1) { // # planes -- must be '1'
      bmpDepth = read16(bmpFile); // bits per pixel
      Serial.print(F("Bit Depth: ")); Serial.println(bmpDepth);
      if((bmpDepth == 24) && (read32(bmpFile) == 0)) { // 0 = uncompressed

        goodBmp = true; // Supported BMP format -- proceed!
        Serial.print(F("Image size: "));
        Serial.print(bmpWidth);
        Serial.print('x');
        Serial.println(bmpHeight);

        // BMP rows are padded (if needed) to 4-byte boundary
        rowSize = (bmpWidth * 3 + 3) & ~3;

        // If bmpHeight is negative, image is in top-down order.
        // This is not canon but has been observed in the wild.
        if(bmpHeight < 0) {
          bmpHeight = -bmpHeight;
          flip      = false;
        }

        // Crop area to be loaded
        x2 = x + bmpWidth  - 1; // Lower-right corner
        y2 = y + bmpHeight - 1;
        if((x2 >= 0) && (y2 >= 0)) { // On screen?
          w = bmpWidth; // Width/height of section to load/display
          h = bmpHeight;
          bx1 = by1 = 0; // UL coordinate in BMP file
          if(x < 0) { // Clip left
            bx1 = -x;
            x   = 0;
            w   = x2 + 1;
          }
          if(y < 0) { // Clip top
            by1 = -y;
            y   = 0;
            h   = y2 + 1;
          }
          if(x2 >= tft.width())  w = tft.width()  - x; // Clip right
          if(y2 >= tft.height()) h = tft.height() - y; // Clip bottom
  
          // Set TFT address window to clipped image bounds
          tft.startWrite(); // Requires start/end transaction now
          tft.setAddrWindow(x, y, w, h);
  
          for (row=0; row<h; row++) { // For each scanline...
  
            // Seek to start of scan line.  It might seem labor-
            // intensive to be doing this on every line, but this
            // method covers a lot of gritty details like cropping
            // and scanline padding.  Also, the seek only takes
            // place if the file position actually needs to change
            // (avoids a lot of cluster math in SD library).
            if(flip) // Bitmap is stored bottom-to-top order (normal BMP)
              pos = bmpImageoffset + (bmpHeight - 1 - (row + by1)) * rowSize;
            else     // Bitmap is stored top-to-bottom
              pos = bmpImageoffset + (row + by1) * rowSize;
            pos += bx1 * 3; // Factor in starting column (bx1)
            if(bmpFile.position() != pos) { // Need seek?
              tft.endWrite(); // End TFT transaction
              bmpFile.seek(pos);
              buffidx = sizeof(sdbuffer); // Force buffer reload
              tft.startWrite(); // Start new TFT transaction
            }
            for (col=0; col<w; col++) { // For each pixel...
              // Time to read more pixel data?
              if (buffidx >= sizeof(sdbuffer)) { // Indeed
                tft.endWrite(); // End TFT transaction
                bmpFile.read(sdbuffer, sizeof(sdbuffer));
                buffidx = 0; // Set index to beginning
                tft.startWrite(); // Start new TFT transaction
              }
              // Convert pixel from BMP to TFT format, push to display
              b = sdbuffer[buffidx++];
              g = sdbuffer[buffidx++];
              r = sdbuffer[buffidx++];
              tft.writePixel(tft.color565(r,g,b));
            } // end pixel
          } // end scanline
          tft.endWrite(); // End last TFT transaction
        } // end onscreen
        Serial.print(F("Loaded in "));
        Serial.print(millis() - startTime);
        Serial.println(" ms");
      } // end goodBmp
    }
  }

  bmpFile.close();
  if(!goodBmp) Serial.println(F("BMP format not recognized."));
}

uint16_t read16(File &f) {
  uint16_t result;
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[0] = f.read(); // LSB
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[1] = f.read(); // MSB
  return result;
}

uint32_t read32(File &f) {
  uint32_t result;
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[0] = f.read(); // LSB
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[1] = f.read();
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[2] = f.read();
  ((uint8_t *)&result)[3] = f.read(); // MSB
  return result;
}

ESP8266 Code

C/C++
#include <Arduino.h>

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>
#include <ESP8266WiFiMulti.h>
#include <ESP8266HTTPClient.h>

ESP8266WiFiMulti WiFiMulti;

void setup(){
    Serial.begin(9600);
    WiFiMulti.addAP("SSID", "PSK");
}

void loop(){
    if((WiFiMulti.run() == WL_CONNECTED)){
        HTTPClient http;
        
        http.begin("http://local_ip (change these values):3010/status/led");
        int httpCode = http.GET();
        
        String payload = http.getString();
        if(payload){
            Serial.print("LED,");
            Serial.println(payload);
        }
        http.end();
        
        http.begin("http://local_ip:3010/status/dispense");
        httpCode = http.GET();
        
        payload = http.getString();
        if(payload){
            Serial.print("DISPENSE,");
            Serial.println(payload);
            if(payload=="true"){
                delay(4000);
            }
        }
        http.end();
        delay(1000);
    }
}

Node JS Server Code

JavaScript
var express = require('express');
var myParser = require('body-parser');
var app = express();
const cors = require('cors');

var latestColor = "RED";
var dispense_active = false;
var usedIPs = [];

const whitelist = ['::ffff:local_ip']

app.use(myParser.json({extended: true}));
app.use(cors());
app.options('*',cors());
app.post("/gumball", function(request, response){
    console.log(request.body);
    response.send("OK, 200");
    if(typeof request.body.LED !=='undefined'){
        latestColor = request.body.LED;
    }
     if(typeof request.body.DISPENSE !=='undefined'){
        dispense_active = request.body.DISPENSE;
        if(dispense_active = true){
            if(usedIPs.indexOf(request.ip)==-1){
            usedIPs.push(request.ip);
            console.log(usedIPs);
            }
            else if(whitelist.indexOf(request.ip)>-1){
                dispense_active = true;
            }
            else{
                dispense_active = false;
            }
        }
    }
});

app.get('/status/dispense',function(req,res){
    res.send(dispense_active);
    dispense_active = false;
});

app.get('/status/led',function(req,res){
    res.send(latestColor);
});

app.listen(3010);

Webpage main

HTML
<html>
	<head>
	<title>IoT Gumball Machine</title>
	<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js">
	</script>
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="style.css">
	</head>
<body>
	<script>
		function changeLED(color){
			console.log(color.toUpperCase());
			var colorName = color.toUpperCase();
			var obj = {"LED": colorName};
			$.ajax('http://local_ip:3010/gumball',{
				data: JSON.stringify(obj),
				contentType: 'application/json',
				type: 'POST'
			});
		}
		function dispense(){
			console.log("Dispensing");
			var obj = {"DISPENSE": true};
			$.ajax('http://local_ip (change these values):3010/gumball',{
				data: JSON.stringify(obj),
				contentType: 'application/json',
				type: 'POST'
			});
		}
		function changeColor(color){ document.getElementById("color_list").style.color = color;
			console.log(color);
		}
	
	
	
	</script>
	<div class="centered">
	<form id="LED_change" onsubmit="changeLED(this.color_list.value); return false" onchange="changeColor(this.color_list.value); return false">
		<select id="color_list" name="color_list">
		<option class="sRed" value="red">Red</option>
		<option class="sGreen" value="green">Green</option>
		<option class="sBlue" value="blue">Blue</option>
		<option class="sPurple" value="purple">Purple</option>
		<option class="sOff" value="black">Off</option>
		</select>
		<input type=submit value="Change color">
	</form>
	<button id="dButton" onclick="dispense(); return false">Dispense gumball</button>
	</div>
	
</body>


</html>

Webpage CSS

CSS
#dButton{
	width: 200px;
	height: 100px;
	font-size: 18px;
	color: black;
	background-color: white;
	border-color: lightgray;
	border-radius: 18px;
	margin:30px 10px;
}

#dButton:hover{
	cursor: pointer;
}

select{
	width: 100px;
	font-size: 18px;
}

#LED_change>input[type=submit]{
	width: 100px;
	height: 40px;
	background-color: white;
	border-color: black;
	border-radius: 4px;
	margin-left: 30px;
}

#LED_change>input[type=submit]:hover{
	cursor: pointer;
}

.centered{
	position: fixed;
	top: 40%;
	left: 40%;
}

.sRed{
	color: red;
}

.sGreen{
	color: green;
}

.sBlue{
	color: blue;
}

.sPurple{
	color: purple;
}

.sOff{
	color: black;
}

body{
	font-family: Verdana;
	font-size: 20px;
}

Credits

Arduino “having11” Guy

Arduino “having11” Guy

30 projects • 211 followers
IoT, Arduino, and Raspberry Pi. I can create designs, code, and build projects for only $22/hr. Just message me with your project request.
Thanks to DC Denison.

Comments