Alex Merchen
Published

Han Solo DL-44 Blaster Remote

By modifying a DL-44 Blaster, I created a remote control that can change channels and change the volume based on what angle it's held.

IntermediateFull instructions provided4 hours1,432
Han Solo DL-44 Blaster Remote

Things used in this project

Story

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Schematics

Blaster with Arduino Pro

Blaster with Photon

Blaster with Photon Schematic

Code

Arduino Code for Blaster

Arduino
/*
 * IRrecord: record and play back IR signals as a minimal 
 * An IR detector/demodulator must be connected to the input RECV_PIN.
 * An IR LED must be connected to the output PWM pin 3.
 * A button must be connected to the input BUTTON_PIN; this is the
 * send button.
 * A visible LED can be connected to STATUS_PIN to provide status.
 *
 * The logic is:
 * If the button is pressed, send the IR code.
 * If an IR code is received, record it.
 *
 * Version 0.11 September, 2009
 * Copyright 2009 Ken Shirriff
 * http://arcfn.com
 */

#include <IRremote.h>

int RECV_PIN = 11;
int BUTTON_PIN = 12;
int STATUS_PIN = 13;

IRrecv irrecv(RECV_PIN);
IRsend irsend;

decode_results results;

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  irrecv.enableIRIn(); // Start the receiver
  pinMode(BUTTON_PIN, INPUT);
  pinMode(STATUS_PIN, OUTPUT);
}

// Storage for the recorded code
int codeType = -1; // The type of code
unsigned long codeValue; // The code value if not raw
unsigned int rawCodes[RAWBUF]; // The durations if raw
int codeLen; // The length of the code
int toggle = 0; // The RC5/6 toggle state

// Stores the code for later playback
// Most of this code is just logging
void storeCode(decode_results *results) {
  codeType = results->decode_type;
  int count = results->rawlen;
  if (codeType == UNKNOWN) {
    Serial.println("Received unknown code, saving as raw");
    codeLen = results->rawlen - 1;
    // To store raw codes:
    // Drop first value (gap)
    // Convert from ticks to microseconds
    // Tweak marks shorter, and spaces longer to cancel out IR receiver distortion
    for (int i = 1; i <= codeLen; i++) {
      if (i % 2) {
        // Mark
        rawCodes[i - 1] = results->rawbuf[i]*USECPERTICK - MARK_EXCESS;
        Serial.print(" m");
      } 
      else {
        // Space
        rawCodes[i - 1] = results->rawbuf[i]*USECPERTICK + MARK_EXCESS;
        Serial.print(" s");
      }
      Serial.print(rawCodes[i - 1], DEC);
    }
    Serial.println("");
  }
  else {
    if (codeType == NEC) {
      Serial.print("Received NEC: ");
      if (results->value == REPEAT) {
        // Don't record a NEC repeat value as that's useless.
        Serial.println("repeat; ignoring.");
        return;
      }
    } 
    else if (codeType == SONY) {
      Serial.print("Received SONY: ");
    } 
    else if (codeType == RC5) {
      Serial.print("Received RC5: ");
    } 
    else if (codeType == RC6) {
      Serial.print("Received RC6: ");
    } 
    else {
      Serial.print("Unexpected codeType ");
      Serial.print(codeType, DEC);
      Serial.println("");
    }
    Serial.println(results->value, HEX);
    codeValue = results->value;
    codeLen = results->bits;
  }
}

void sendCode(int repeat) {
  if (codeType == NEC) {
    if (repeat) {
      irsend.sendNEC(REPEAT, codeLen);
      Serial.println("Sent NEC repeat");
    } 
    else {
      irsend.sendNEC(codeValue, codeLen);
      Serial.print("Sent NEC ");
      Serial.println(codeValue, HEX);
    }
  } 
  else if (codeType == SONY) {
    irsend.sendSony(codeValue, codeLen);
    Serial.print("Sent Sony ");
    Serial.println(codeValue, HEX);
  } 
  else if (codeType == RC5 || codeType == RC6) {
    if (!repeat) {
      // Flip the toggle bit for a new button press
      toggle = 1 - toggle;
    }
    // Put the toggle bit into the code to send
    codeValue = codeValue & ~(1 << (codeLen - 1));
    codeValue = codeValue | (toggle << (codeLen - 1));
    if (codeType == RC5) {
      Serial.print("Sent RC5 ");
      Serial.println(codeValue, HEX);
      irsend.sendRC5(codeValue, codeLen);
    } 
    else {
      irsend.sendRC6(codeValue, codeLen);
      Serial.print("Sent RC6 ");
      Serial.println(codeValue, HEX);
    }
  } 
  else if (codeType == UNKNOWN /* i.e. raw */) {
    // Assume 38 KHz
    irsend.sendRaw(rawCodes, codeLen, 38);
    Serial.println("Sent raw");
  }
}

int lastButtonState;

void loop() {
  // If button pressed, send the code.
  int buttonState = digitalRead(BUTTON_PIN);
  if (lastButtonState == HIGH && buttonState == LOW) {
    Serial.println("Released");
    irrecv.enableIRIn(); // Re-enable receiver
  }

  if (buttonState) {
    Serial.println("Pressed, sending");
    digitalWrite(STATUS_PIN, HIGH);
    sendCode(lastButtonState == buttonState);
    digitalWrite(STATUS_PIN, LOW);
    delay(50); // Wait a bit between retransmissions
  } 
  else if (irrecv.decode(&results)) {
    digitalWrite(STATUS_PIN, HIGH);
    storeCode(&results);
    irrecv.resume(); // resume receiver
    digitalWrite(STATUS_PIN, LOW);
  }
  lastButtonState = buttonState;
}

TV-Remote.ino

Arduino
#include "IRremote.h"

// Codes for Sony programs

// Open - Sony code 68B47
// Input - Sony code A50
// Volume Up - Sony code 490 - NEC Code 10EF00FF
// Volume Down - Sony code C90 - NEC code 10EF807F
// Channel Up - NEC code 10EF40BF
// Channel Down - NEC code 10EFC03F


// I set D0 as the pin that has my IR LED
IRsend irsend(D0);

// I set D3 as the pin that my button is connected to
const int buttonPin = D3;

// I set the Right/Left orientation pin to A2
const int LR = A2;

// I do not use this pin so I just have is set as ypin
const int ypin = A1;

// I set the Up/Down orientation pin to A0
const int UD = A0;

// I set buttonState to 0
int buttonState = 0;

// I set my initial int states to 0 (I'm using this for the accelerometer information)
int UDState = 0;
int LRState = 0;

// Start setup()
void setup() {
    
    // Set the buttonPin (D3) as an input
    pinMode(buttonPin, INPUT);

    // set A2, A1 and A0 as inputs
    pinMode(LR,INPUT);
    pinMode(ypin,INPUT);
    pinMode(UD,INPUT);
}

// Start the loop()
void loop() {
    
    // I read in the value from D3 to figure out if it's high or low
    buttonState = digitalRead(buttonPin);
    
// If the value is high:
 if (buttonState == HIGH) {
    
    // Read in the values for Up/Down and Left/Right to determine ranges
    UDState = analogRead(UD);
    LRState = analogRead(LR);
    
// perfectly left had a value on A2 of 2600, perfectly right had a value of 1850
// perfectly upright had a value on A0 of 2300, perfectly upside down had a value of 1750

// This makes A0 have a range of ~1750 <= A0 <= ~2300
// This makes A2 have a range of ~1850 <= A2 <= ~2600

      // If the Up/Down state is above 2300 (which is a little higher than the value of 
      // perfectly right)
        if (UDState > 2300) {
                // Send the value for Channel Up (which I found experimentally)
                irsend.sendNEC(0x10ef40bf, 32); // Crosley TV Channel Up
                delay(40);
                
        }
        
        // If it's oriented in the downward direction, send the value for channel down
        else if (UDState < 1900) {
            
                irsend.sendNEC(0x10efc03f, 32); // Crosley TV Channel Down
                delay(40);
                
        }
        
        // If it's not those two directions then it must be oriented right or left
        else {
            
            // If the LRState is oriented to the left then I lower the volume
            if (LRState > 2000) {
                
                irsend.sendNEC(0x10ef807f, 32); // Crosley TV Volume Down
                delay(40);
                
            }
            
            // If it's not oriented in that direction then it must be oriented right,
            // and send the signal to raise the voluem
            else {
                
                irsend.sendNEC(0x10ef00ff, 32); // Crosley TV Volume Up
                delay(40);
                
            }
            
        }   // end of if statement

}   // end of if statement

    // Wait 100 ms before checking if the button is high again
      delay(100);

}   // end of loop

IRremote.cpp

Arduino
/*
 * IRremote
 * Version 0.11 August, 2009
 * Copyright 2009 Ken Shirriff
 * For details, see http://arcfn.com/2009/08/multi-protocol-infrared-remote-library.html
 *
 * Modified by Paul Stoffregen <paul@pjrc.com> to support other boards and timers
 * Modified  by Mitra Ardron <mitra@mitra.biz> 
 * Added Sanyo and Mitsubishi controllers
 * Modified Sony to spot the repeat codes that some Sony's send
 * Modified by Gaspard van Koningsveld to trim out IRrecv, not using PWM anymore, allow setting of IR LED pin, and make it compatible with the Spark Core v1.0 (STM32F103CB based)
 *
 * Interrupt code based on NECIRrcv by Joe Knapp
 * http://www.arduino.cc/cgi-bin/yabb2/YaBB.pl?num=1210243556
 * Also influenced by http://zovirl.com/2008/11/12/building-a-universal-remote-with-an-arduino/
 *
 * JVC and Panasonic protocol added by Kristian Lauszus (Thanks to zenwheel and other people at the original blog post)
 */

#include "IRremote.h"
#include "application.h"

IRsend::IRsend(int irPin) : irPin(irPin) {};

void IRsend::sendNEC(unsigned long data, int nbits)
{
  enableIROut(38);
  mark(NEC_HDR_MARK);
  space(NEC_HDR_SPACE);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (data & TOPBIT) {
      mark(NEC_BIT_MARK);
      space(NEC_ONE_SPACE);
    } 
    else {
      mark(NEC_BIT_MARK);
      space(NEC_ZERO_SPACE);
    }
    data <<= 1;
  }
  mark(NEC_BIT_MARK);
  space(0);
}

void IRsend::sendSony(unsigned long data, int nbits) {
  enableIROut(40);
  mark(SONY_HDR_MARK);
  space(SONY_HDR_SPACE);
  data = data << (32 - nbits);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (data & TOPBIT) {
      mark(SONY_ONE_MARK);
      space(SONY_HDR_SPACE);
    } 
    else {
      mark(SONY_ZERO_MARK);
      space(SONY_HDR_SPACE);
    }
    data <<= 1;
  }
}

void IRsend::sendRaw(unsigned int buf[], int len, int hz)
{
  enableIROut(hz);
  for (int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    if (i & 1) {
      space(buf[i]);
    } 
    else {
      mark(buf[i]);
    }
  }
  space(0); // Just to be sure
}

// Note: first bit must be a one (start bit)
void IRsend::sendRC5(unsigned long data, int nbits)
{
  enableIROut(36);
  data = data << (32 - nbits);
  mark(RC5_T1); // First start bit
  space(RC5_T1); // Second start bit
  mark(RC5_T1); // Second start bit
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (data & TOPBIT) {
      space(RC5_T1); // 1 is space, then mark
      mark(RC5_T1);
    } 
    else {
      mark(RC5_T1);
      space(RC5_T1);
    }
    data <<= 1;
  }
  space(0); // Turn off at end
}

// Caller needs to take care of flipping the toggle bit
void IRsend::sendRC6(unsigned long data, int nbits)
{
  enableIROut(36);
  data = data << (32 - nbits);
  mark(RC6_HDR_MARK);
  space(RC6_HDR_SPACE);
  mark(RC6_T1); // start bit
  space(RC6_T1);
  int t;
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (i == 3) {
      // double-wide trailer bit
      t = 2 * RC6_T1;
    } 
    else {
      t = RC6_T1;
    }
    if (data & TOPBIT) {
      mark(t);
      space(t);
    } 
    else {
      space(t);
      mark(t);
    }

    data <<= 1;
  }
  space(0); // Turn off at end
}

/* Sharp and DISH support by Todd Treece ( http://unionbridge.org/design/ircommand )

The Dish send function needs to be repeated 4 times, and the Sharp function
has the necessary repeat built in because of the need to invert the signal.

Sharp protocol documentation:
http://www.sbprojects.com/knowledge/ir/sharp.htm

Here are the LIRC files that I found that seem to match the remote codes
from the oscilloscope:

Sharp LCD TV:
http://lirc.sourceforge.net/remotes/sharp/GA538WJSA

DISH NETWORK (echostar 301):
http://lirc.sourceforge.net/remotes/echostar/301_501_3100_5100_58xx_59xx

For the DISH codes, only send the last for characters of the hex.
i.e. use 0x1C10 instead of 0x0000000000001C10 which is listed in the
linked LIRC file.
*/
void IRsend::sendSharp(unsigned long data, int nbits) {
  unsigned long invertdata = data ^ SHARP_TOGGLE_MASK;
  enableIROut(38);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (data & 0x4000) {
      mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
      space(SHARP_ONE_SPACE);
    }
    else {
      mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
      space(SHARP_ZERO_SPACE);
    }
    data <<= 1;
  }
  
  mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
  space(SHARP_ZERO_SPACE);
  delay(46);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (invertdata & 0x4000) {
      mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
      space(SHARP_ONE_SPACE);
    }
    else {
      mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
      space(SHARP_ZERO_SPACE);
    }
    invertdata <<= 1;
  }
  mark(SHARP_BIT_MARK);
  space(SHARP_ZERO_SPACE);
  delay(46);
}

void IRsend::sendDISH(unsigned long data, int nbits)
{
  enableIROut(56);
  mark(DISH_HDR_MARK);
  space(DISH_HDR_SPACE);
  for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
    if (data & DISH_TOP_BIT) {
      mark(DISH_BIT_MARK);
      space(DISH_ONE_SPACE);
    }
    else {
      mark(DISH_BIT_MARK);
      space(DISH_ZERO_SPACE);
    }
    data <<= 1;
  }
}

void IRsend::sendPanasonic(unsigned int address, unsigned long data) {
    enableIROut(35);
    mark(PANASONIC_HDR_MARK);
    space(PANASONIC_HDR_SPACE);
    
    for(int i=0;i<16;i++)
    {
        mark(PANASONIC_BIT_MARK);
        if (address & 0x8000) {
            space(PANASONIC_ONE_SPACE);
        } else {
            space(PANASONIC_ZERO_SPACE);
        }
        address <<= 1;        
    }    
    for (int i=0; i < 32; i++) {
        mark(PANASONIC_BIT_MARK);
        if (data & TOPBIT) {
            space(PANASONIC_ONE_SPACE);
        } else {
            space(PANASONIC_ZERO_SPACE);
        }
        data <<= 1;
    }
    mark(PANASONIC_BIT_MARK);
    space(0);
}

void IRsend::sendJVC(unsigned long data, int nbits, int repeat)
{
    enableIROut(38);
    data = data << (32 - nbits);
    if (!repeat){
        mark(JVC_HDR_MARK);
        space(JVC_HDR_SPACE); 
    }
    for (int i = 0; i < nbits; i++) {
        if (data & TOPBIT) {
            mark(JVC_BIT_MARK);
            space(JVC_ONE_SPACE); 
        } 
        else {
            mark(JVC_BIT_MARK);
            space(JVC_ZERO_SPACE); 
        }
        data <<= 1;
    }
    mark(JVC_BIT_MARK);
    space(0);
}

void IRsend::mark(int time) {
  // Sends an IR mark (frequency burst output) for the specified number of microseconds.
  noInterrupts();
  
  while (time > 0) {
    digitalWrite(irPin, HIGH); // this takes about 3 microseconds to happen
    delayMicroseconds(burstWait);
    digitalWrite(irPin, LOW); // this also takes about 3 microseconds
    delayMicroseconds(burstWait);
 
    time -= burstLength;
  }
  
  interrupts();
}

void IRsend::space(int time) {
  // Sends an IR space (no output) for the specified number of microseconds.
  digitalWrite(irPin, LOW); // Takes about 3 microsecondes
  if (time > 3) {
    delayMicroseconds(time - 3);
  }
}

void IRsend::enableIROut(int khz) {
  // Enables IR output.  The khz value controls the modulation frequency in kilohertz.
  // MAX frequency is 166khz.
  pinMode(irPin, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(irPin, LOW);

  // This is the time to wait with the IR LED on and off to make the frequency, in microseconds.
  // The - 3.0 at the end is because digitalWrite() takes about 3 microseconds. Info from:
  // https://github.com/eflynch/sparkcoreiremitter/blob/master/ir_emitter/ir_emitter.ino
  burstWait = round(1.0 / khz * 1000.0 / 2.0 - 3.0);
  // This is the total time of a period, in microseconds.
  burstLength = round(1.0 / khz * 1000.0);
}

IRremote.h

Arduino
/*
 * IRremote
 * Version 0.1 July, 2009
 * Copyright 2009 Ken Shirriff
 * For details, see http://arcfn.com/2009/08/multi-protocol-infrared-remote-library.htm http://arcfn.com
 * Edited by Mitra to add new controller SANYO
 *
 * Interrupt code based on NECIRrcv by Joe Knapp
 * http://www.arduino.cc/cgi-bin/yabb2/YaBB.pl?num=1210243556
 * Also influenced by http://zovirl.com/2008/11/12/building-a-universal-remote-with-an-arduino/
 *
 * JVC and Panasonic protocol added by Kristian Lauszus (Thanks to zenwheel and other people at the original blog post)
 */

#ifndef IRremote_h
#define IRremote_h

class IRsend
{
  const int irPin;
  int burstWait;
  int burstLength;

public:
  IRsend(int irPin);
  void sendNEC(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendSony(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  // Neither Sanyo nor Mitsubishi send is implemented yet
  //  void sendSanyo(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  //  void sendMitsubishi(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendRaw(unsigned int buf[], int len, int hz);
  void sendRC5(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendRC6(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendSharp(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendDISH(unsigned long data, int nbits);
  void sendPanasonic(unsigned int address, unsigned long data);
  void sendJVC(unsigned long data, int nbits, int repeat); // *Note instead of sending the REPEAT constant if you want the JVC repeat signal sent, send the original code value and change the repeat argument from 0 to 1. JVC protocol repeats by skipping the header NOT by sending a separate code value like NEC does.
private:
  void enableIROut(int khz);
  void mark(int usec);
  void space(int usec);
}
;

// Constants for sending IR codes
#define NEC_HDR_MARK  9000
#define NEC_HDR_SPACE 4500
#define NEC_BIT_MARK  560
#define NEC_ONE_SPACE 1600
#define NEC_ZERO_SPACE  560
#define NEC_RPT_SPACE 2250

#define SONY_HDR_MARK 2400
#define SONY_HDR_SPACE  600
#define SONY_ONE_MARK 1200
#define SONY_ZERO_MARK  600
#define SONY_RPT_LENGTH 45000
#define SONY_DOUBLE_SPACE_USECS  500  // usually ssee 713 - not using ticks as get number wrapround

// SA 8650B
#define SANYO_HDR_MARK  3500  // seen range 3500
#define SANYO_HDR_SPACE 950 //  seen 950
#define SANYO_ONE_MARK  2400 // seen 2400  
#define SANYO_ZERO_MARK 700 //  seen 700
#define SANYO_DOUBLE_SPACE_USECS  800  // usually ssee 713 - not using ticks as get number wrapround
#define SANYO_RPT_LENGTH 45000

// Mitsubishi RM 75501
// 14200 7 41 7 42 7 42 7 17 7 17 7 18 7 41 7 18 7 17 7 17 7 18 7 41 8 17 7 17 7 18 7 17 7 

// #define MITSUBISHI_HDR_MARK  250  // seen range 3500
#define MITSUBISHI_HDR_SPACE  350 //  7*50+100
#define MITSUBISHI_ONE_MARK 1950 // 41*50-100
#define MITSUBISHI_ZERO_MARK  750 // 17*50-100
// #define MITSUBISHI_DOUBLE_SPACE_USECS  800  // usually ssee 713 - not using ticks as get number wrapround
// #define MITSUBISHI_RPT_LENGTH 45000


#define RC5_T1    889
#define RC5_RPT_LENGTH  46000

#define RC6_HDR_MARK  2666
#define RC6_HDR_SPACE 889
#define RC6_T1    444
#define RC6_RPT_LENGTH  46000

#define SHARP_BIT_MARK 245
#define SHARP_ONE_SPACE 1805
#define SHARP_ZERO_SPACE 795
#define SHARP_GAP 600000
#define SHARP_TOGGLE_MASK 0x3FF
#define SHARP_RPT_SPACE 3000

#define DISH_HDR_MARK 400
#define DISH_HDR_SPACE 6100
#define DISH_BIT_MARK 400
#define DISH_ONE_SPACE 1700
#define DISH_ZERO_SPACE 2800
#define DISH_RPT_SPACE 6200
#define DISH_TOP_BIT 0x8000

#define PANASONIC_HDR_MARK 3502
#define PANASONIC_HDR_SPACE 1750
#define PANASONIC_BIT_MARK 502
#define PANASONIC_ONE_SPACE 1244
#define PANASONIC_ZERO_SPACE 400

#define JVC_HDR_MARK 8000
#define JVC_HDR_SPACE 4000
#define JVC_BIT_MARK 600
#define JVC_ONE_SPACE 1600
#define JVC_ZERO_SPACE 550
#define JVC_RPT_LENGTH 60000

#define SHARP_BITS 15
#define DISH_BITS 16

#define TOPBIT 0x80000000

#endif

Credits

Alex Merchen

Alex Merchen

13 projects • 21 followers
I'm an EE with a Masters in ECE. I like building things.

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