Shawn hymel
Published © CC BY

Hack Your Home Part 3: Power Monitor

Measure the current and power being used by an appliance and post that data to the Internet.

IntermediateFull instructions provided1 hour4,666
Hack Your Home Part 3: Power Monitor

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Photon
Particle Photon
×1
Breadboard (generic)
Breadboard (generic)
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1
USB microB Cable
×1
Wall Adapter - 5V USB
×1
Audio Jack 3.5mm
×1
Audio Jack Breakout
×1
Break Away Headers - Straight
×1
Non-Invasive Current Sensor - 30A
×1
Resistor 100 Ohm 1/4th Watt
×1
Resistor 10k Ohm 1/6th Watt
×2
Capacitor 10 μF
×1

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Hobby Knife
Soldering iron (generic)
Soldering iron (generic)
Solder

Story

Read more

Schematics

Power Monitor

Fritzing diagram

Code

Power Monitor

Arduino
Copy this into a new app at build.particle.io
#include "math.h"

// RMS voltage
const double vRMS = 120.0;      // Assumed or measured

// Parameters for measuring RMS current
const double offset = 1.65;     // Half the ADC max voltage
const int numTurns = 2000;      // 1:2000 transformer turns
const int rBurden = 100;        // Burden resistor value
const int numSamples = 1000;    // Number of samples before calculating RMS

void setup() {
    
}

void loop() {
    
    int sample;
    double voltage;
    double iPrimary;
    double acc = 0;
    double iRMS;
    double apparentPower;
    
    // Take a number of samples and calculate RMS current
    for ( int i = 0; i < numSamples; i++ ) {
        
        // Read ADC, convert to voltage, remove offset
        sample = analogRead(A0);
        voltage = (sample * 3.3) / 4096;
        voltage = voltage - offset;
        
        // Calculate the sensed current
        iPrimary = (voltage / rBurden) * numTurns;
        
        // Square current and add to accumulator
        acc += pow(iPrimary, 2);
    }
    
    // Calculate RMS from accumulated values
    iRMS = sqrt(acc / numSamples);
    
    // Calculate apparent power and publish it
    apparentPower = vRMS * iRMS;
    Particle.publish("VA", String(apparentPower));
    
    delay(10000);
}

Credits

Shawn hymel

Shawn hymel

5 projects • 77 followers
Engineering Superhero at SparkFun Electronics.

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