Things used in this project

Hardware components:
Ard nano
Arduino Arduino Nano R3
Servo (generic)
MG90S Servos
Meped Board
Hand tools and fabrication machines:
3D Printer (generic)


Servo Connections
There are only four connections if you use the Meped Board that the Littlearm was designed for.
Servo connections focus   copy bkbnoz7nkn


LittleArm 2C Arduino SketchC/C++
// LittleArm 2C arduino code
// Allows serial control of the LittleArm 2C 3D printed robot arm 
// Created by Slant Concepts

#include <Servo.h>  //arduino library
#include <math.h>   //standard c library

#define PI 3.141

Servo baseServo;  
Servo shoulderServo;  
Servo elbowServo; 
Servo gripperServo;

//+++++++++++++++Global Variables+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
struct jointAngle{    //a struct is a way for organizing variables into a group
  int base;
  int shoulder;
  int elbow;

struct jointAngle desiredAngle; //desired angles of the servos

int desiredGrip;    // disired position of the gripper
int gripperPos;     //current position of the gripper

int command;        // the set of joint angles
int desiredDelay;   // the delay that the servos make btween steps

//int ready = 0;      // a marker to used to signal a process is done

//+++++++++++++++FUNCTION DECLARATIONS+++++++++++++++++++++++++++
int servoParallelControl (int thePos, Servo theServo );   //This is a function for controlling the servos

void setup()  // Setup prepared the Arduino board for operation
  Serial.begin(9600);         // Turn on USB communication (Serial Port) and have it communicate at 9600 bits per second
  baseServo.attach(5);        // attaches the servo on pin 5 to the servo object 
  shoulderServo.attach(4);    // attaches the servo on pin 4 to the servo object 
  elbowServo.attach(3);       // attaches the servo on pin 3 to the servo object 
  gripperServo.attach(2);     // attaches the servo on pin 2 to the servo object 
  Serial.setTimeout(50);      //Stops attempting to talk to computer is no response after 50 milisenconds. Ensures the the arduino does not read serial for too long
  Serial.println("started");  // Print to the computer "Started"
  baseServo.write(90);        //intial positions of servos
//  ready = 0;

//primary arduino loop. This is where all of you primary program must be placed.
void loop() 
  if (Serial.available()){                  // If data is coming through the USB port to the arduino then...
//    ready = 1;                            // Ready is set to 1 to indicate that a command is being executed
    // Commands are sent from the computer in the form "#,#,#,#,#,\n" 
    // The code below "parses" that command into integers that correspond with the 
    // base angle, shoulder angle, elbow angle, grip angle, and delay in the servos, respectively.
    desiredAngle.base = Serial.parseInt();  
    desiredAngle.shoulder = Serial.parseInt();
    desiredAngle.elbow = Serial.parseInt();
    desiredGrip = Serial.parseInt();
    desiredDelay = Serial.parseInt();

    if( == '\n'){              // if the last byte is '\n' then stop reading and execute command '\n' stands for 'done'
        Serial.flush();                     //clear all other commands piled in the buffer
        Serial.print('d');                  //send completion of the command "d" stands for "done executing"

  // These values are the status of whether or not the joint has reached its position yet
  // variables declared inside of some part of the program, like these, are called "local Variables"
  int status1 = 0;  //base status
  int status2 = 0;  //shoulder status
  int status3 = 0;  //elbow status
  int status4 = 0;  //gripper status
  int done = 0 ;    // this value tells when all the joints have reached thier positions
  while(done == 0){     // Loop until all joints have reached thier positions                      && ready == 1
    //move the servo to the desired position
    //This block of code uses "Functions" to make is more condensed.
    status1 = servoParallelControl(desiredAngle.base, baseServo, desiredDelay);         
    status2 = servoParallelControl(desiredAngle.shoulder,  shoulderServo, desiredDelay);
    status3 = servoParallelControl(desiredAngle.elbow, elbowServo, desiredDelay);      
    status4 = servoParallelControl(desiredGrip, gripperServo, desiredDelay);  

    // Check whether all the joints have reached their positions
    if (status1 == 1 & status2 == 1 & status3 == 1 & status4 == 1){
      done = 1; //When done =1 then the loop will stop
  }// end of while

//++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++FUNCTION DEFINITIONS++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

int servoParallelControl (int thePos, Servo theServo, int theSpeed ){     //Function Form: outputType FunctionName (inputType localInputName)
    //This function moves a servo a certain number of steps toward a desired position and returns whether or not it is near or hase recahed that position
    // thePos - the desired position
    // thServo - the address pin of the servo that we want to move
    // theSpeed - the delay between steps of the servo
    int startPos =;       //read the current position of the servo we are working with.
    int newPos = startPos;                // newPos holds the position of the servo as it moves
    //define where the pos is with respect to the command
    // if the current position is less that the desired move the position up
    if (startPos < (thePos-5)){
       newPos = newPos + 1;               
       return 0;                          // Tell primary program that servo has not reached its position     

    // Else if the current position is greater than the desired move the servo down
    else if (newPos > (thePos + 5)){
      newPos = newPos - 1;
      return 0;  

    // If the servo is +-5 within the desired range then tell the main program that the servo has reached the desired position.
    else {
        return 1;
} //end servo parallel control


Slant Concepts

Slant is a group of makers and engineers creating robots and other gadgets



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