Measure Voltage, Current, and More with an STM32-Based Open Source Multimeter

Hackaday user Martin needed more multimeters in his lab, and instead of buying more, he decided to build his own using about $10 worth of…

Cabe Atwell
6 months ago

Martin needed more multimeters in his lab, and instead of buying more, he decided to create his own using about $10 worth of parts with features he deemed necessary — PC connectivity, RMS, power measurement, electronic range switch, capacity measurement, etc. Martin tasked STMicroelectronics’ STM32F1 (Arm Cortex-M3) microcontroller for his Open Source Multimeter, which can handle those functions quite nicely.

Martin designed his multimeter using three individual PCBs — the first housing the STM32F1 microcontroller, the second for buttons, connectors, and SDM test pad, and the third outfitted with a USB interface for onboard Li-Po battery charging. He also included a small LCD display for data readouts and packed everything into a 3D-printed enclosure with a kickstand. It should be noted that there is a switch that connects the power from the USB to the charging circuit, which can be turned off, thus isolating the circuit.

The Open Source Multimeter features six function modes: voltage (±60 V and ±6 V), current (±60mA and ±500mA), power (can do both voltage and current at the same time), continuity/resistance test (sounds buzzer when below 50 ohms), component test (supports resistors, capacitors, and diodes only), and about screen.

Martin states that his multimeter is very accurate — getting within 1% with voltages ranging between 1V and 6V DC, but only within 5% of the real value for the remaining modes, which is impressive, considering he only used around 10 bucks worth of parts.

Check out Martin’s EmbedBlog page to see an in-depth walkthrough of the STM32 Open Source Multimeter, complete with links to his GitHub repository to recreate his build.

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