Robin Cole
Published © GPL3+

Pi Camera Doorbell with Notifications!

Use the cheap and cheerful Pi Zero W, a camera and an RF doorbell to see who's at your door!

IntermediateWork in progress1 hour23,408
Pi Camera Doorbell with Notifications!

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Raspberry Pi Zero Wireless
Raspberry Pi Zero Wireless
×1
Camera Module
Raspberry Pi Camera Module
×1
RF receiver
×1
Wireless doorbell (RF)
×1

Software apps and online services

Home Assistant
Home Assistant
Rpi-rf python module
MQTT
MQTT
Telegram

Story

Read more

Schematics

System overview

Overview of the system
Doorbell dcl2lbavsw

Code

script_on_pi

Python
This is the main pi script
# combine the MQTT and RF receive codes 
import paho.mqtt.client as mqtt 
import paho.mqtt.publish as publish 
import picamera 
import argparse 
import signal 
import sys 
import time 
import logging 
from rpi_rf import RFDevice 
rfdevice = None 
### camera 
camera = picamera.PiCamera() 
camera.vflip=True 
#
def post_image(): 
   print('Taking photo') 
   camera.capture('image.jpg') 
   file_name = 'image_' + str(datetime.now()) + '.jpg' 
   camera.capture(file_name)  # time-stamped image 
   with open('image.jpg', "rb") as imageFile: 
       myFile = imageFile.read() 
       data = bytearray(myFile) 
   client.publish('dev/camera', data, mqttQos, mqttRetained)  # 
   client.publish('dev/test', 'Capture!')  # to trigger an automation later
   print('image published') 
#
### MQTT 
broker = '192.168.0.100' 
topic ='dev/test' 
mqttQos = 0 
mqttRetained = False 
#
def on_connect(client, userdata, flags, rc): 
   print("Connected with result code "+str(rc)) 
   client.subscribe(topic) 
# The callback for when a PUBLISH message is received from the server.
# 
def on_message(client, userdata, msg): 
   payload = str(msg.payload.decode('ascii'))  # decode the binary string 
   print(msg.topic + " " + payload) 
   process_trigger(payload) 
#
def process_trigger(payload): 
   if payload == 'ON': 
       print('ON triggered') 
       post_image() 
#
client = mqtt.Client() 
client.on_connect = on_connect    # call these on connect and on message 
client.on_message = on_message 
client.username_pw_set(username='user',password='pass')  # need this 
client.connect(broker) 
client.loop_start()    #  run in background and free up main thread 
### RF 
#
def exithandler(signal, frame): 
   rfdevice.cleanup() 
   sys.exit(0) 
logging.basicConfig(level=logging.INFO, datefmt='%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S', 
                   format='%(asctime)-15s - [%(levelname)s] %(module)s: %(message)s', ) 
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='Receives a decimal code via a 433/315MHz GPIO device') 
parser.add_argument('-g', dest='gpio', type=int, default=27, 
                   help="GPIO pin (Default: 27)") 
args = parser.parse_args() 
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, exithandler) 
rfdevice = RFDevice(args.gpio) 
rfdevice.enable_rx() 
timestamp = None 
logging.info("Listening for codes on GPIO " + str(args.gpio)) 
code_of_interest = '9181186' 
#
while True: 
   if rfdevice.rx_code_timestamp != timestamp: 
       timestamp = rfdevice.rx_code_timestamp 
       print(str(rfdevice.rx_code)) 
       if str(rfdevice.rx_code) == code_of_interest: 
           post_image() 
           time.sleep(1)  # prevent registering multiple times
   time.sleep(0.01) 
rfdevice.cleanup() 

Credits

Robin Cole

Robin Cole

4 projects • 30 followers
Pythonista & PhD physics

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