Abhushan Adhikari Joshi
Published © GPL3+

Introduction to Thingsai.IO Cloud

The project is about interfacing an IR sensor, through the ESP8266 NodeMCU board and visualizing the sensor data on the cloud.

EasyProtip18 minutes6
Introduction to Thingsai.IO Cloud

Things used in this project

Hardware components

NodeMCU ESP8266 Breakout Board
NodeMCU ESP8266 Breakout Board
×1
IR Transceiver (Generic)
×1
Jumper wires (generic)
Jumper wires (generic)
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE
thingsai.io

Story

Read more

Schematics

Connection Schematics

First bb plhjzgsbwq

Code

Interfacing_IR_Sensor.ino

C/C++
#include <SoftwareSerial.h>
SoftwareSerial mySerial(12, 13); // RX, TX

#include <ESP8266WiFi.h>          //https://github.com/esp8266/Arduino
#include <DNSServer.h>
#include <ESP8266WebServer.h>
#include "WiFiManager.h"          //https://github.com/tzapu/WiFiManager
#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>

int count=0,i,m,j,k;

////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
int IR=4;
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


//////////////////////////////////////// ALL DECLARATIONS for CLOUD //////////////////////////////
const char* host = "api.thingsai.io";                             
const char* post_url = "/devices/deviceData";       
const char* time_server = "baas.thethingscloud.com";             //this is to convert timestamp
const int httpPort = 80;
const int httpsPort = 443;
const char*  server = "api.thingsai.io";  
char timestamp[10];
WiFiClient client;

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
void configModeCallback (WiFiManager *myWiFiManager) 
{
  Serial.println("Entered config mode");             //*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*if control enters this function then net is not connected
  Serial.println(WiFi.softAPIP());                  // "WiFi.softAPIP() is for AP" , "WiFi.localIP() is for STA",
                                                                
  Serial.println(myWiFiManager->getConfigPortalSSID());             //if you used auto generated SSID, print it
}
/////////////////////////////////////// TIMESTAMP CALCULATION function///////////////////////////////////////
int GiveMeTimestamp()
{
  unsigned long timeout = millis();

  while (client.available() == 0)
  {
    if (millis() - timeout > 50000)
    {
      client.stop();
      return 0;
    }
  }

while (client.available())
      {
        String line = client.readStringUntil('\r');                    //indexOf() is a funtion to search for smthng , it returns -1 if not found
        int pos = line.indexOf("\"timestamp\"");                       //search for "\"timestamp\"" from beginning of response got and copy all data after that , it'll be your timestamp
        if (pos >= 0)                                                     
        {
          int j = 0;
          for(j=0;j<10;j++)
          {
            timestamp[j] = line[pos + 12 + j];
          }
        }
      }
}  
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

void setup() 
{
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   pinMode(IR,INPUT);
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  Serial.begin(115200);     //(19200,SERIAL_8E1) - data size = 8 bits , parity = Even , stop bit =  1bit
  mySerial.begin(115200);
  WiFiManager wifiManager;
  wifiManager.setAPCallback(configModeCallback);
                                                                                                    
  if(!wifiManager.autoConnect("ASUS","abhushan"))                   //wifiManager.autoConnect("AP-NAME", "AP-PASSWORD"); (OR) wifiManager.autoConnect("AP-NAME"); only ID no password (OR) wifiManager.autoConnect(); this will generate a ID by itself
  {
    Serial.println("failed to connect and hit timeout");     //control comes here after long time of creating Access point "NodeMCU" by NodeMCU and still it has not connected
    //reset and try again, or maybe put it to deep sleep
    ESP.reset();
    delay(1000);
  } 

  //if you come here you have connected to the WiFi
  Serial.println("connected...yeey :");
 
}

void loop() 
{
  //////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
   int value;
   value=digitalRead(IR);
   Serial.println("Value Sensed:");
   Serial.print(value);
   
  /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  Serial.print("connecting to ");
  Serial.println(host);                          //defined upside :- host = devapi2.thethingscloud.com or 139.59.26.117

///////////////////////////////////// TIMESTAMP CODE SNIPPET /////////////////////////
Serial.println("inside get timestamp\n");
  if (!client.connect(time_server, httpPort)) 
  {
    return;                                                        //*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*-*
  }

  client.println("GET /api/timestamp HTTP/1.1");                            //Whats this part doing, i didnt get
  client.println("Host: baas.thethingscloud.com");
  client.println("Cache-Control: no-cache");
  client.println("Postman-Token: ea3c18c6-09ba-d049-ccf3-369a22a284b8");
  client.println();

GiveMeTimestamp();                        //it'll call the function which will get the timestamp response from the server
Serial.println("timestamp receieved");
Serial.println(timestamp);
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

  Serial.println("inside ThingsCloudPost");

 
String PostValue = "{\"device_id\":  61121695841  , \"slave_id\": 2";

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
PostValue = PostValue + ",\"dts\":" +timestamp;
PostValue = PostValue +",\"data\":{\"value\":" + value +"}"+"}";
///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
  
  Serial.println(PostValue);

/* create an instance of WiFiClientSecure */
    WiFiClientSecure client;
    
    Serial.println("Connect to server via port 443");
    if (!client.connect(server, 443)){
        Serial.println("Connection failed!");
    } else {
        Serial.println("Connected to server!");
        /* create HTTP request */

        client.println("POST /devices/deviceData HTTP/1.1");
        client.println("Host: api.thingsai.io");
        //client.println("Connection: close");
        client.println("Content-Type: application/json");
        client.println("cache-control: no-cache");
        client.println("Authorization: Bearer eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.IjVhMzBkZDFkN2QwYjNhNGQzODkwYzQ4OSI.kaY6OMj5cYlWNqC2PNTkXs9PKy6_m9tdW5AG7ajfVlY");
        client.print("Content-Length: ");
        client.println(PostValue.length());
        client.println();
        client.println(PostValue);
//////////////////////////////////POSTING the data on to the cloud is done and now get the response form cloud server//////////////////
 Serial.print("Waiting for response ");
        while (!client.available()){
            delay(50); //
            Serial.print(".");
        }  
        /* if data is available then receive and print to Terminal */
        while (client.available()) {
            char c = client.read();
            Serial.write(c);
        }

        /* if the server disconnected, stop the client */
        if (!client.connected()) {
            Serial.println();
            Serial.println("Server disconnected");
            client.stop();
        }
    }
Serial.println("//////////////////////    THE END     /////////////////////");
delay(3000);
}

Credits

Abhushan Adhikari Joshi

Abhushan Adhikari Joshi

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