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Hand tools and fabrication machines
My nephew (9 y/o), and my niece (7 y/o) went totally nuts when they saw a video of an obstacle avoidance robot that I built a while ago.
Tutorial for that one will sadly never come as it predates my hard drive dying and me discovering the benefits of backups and DropBox, GitHub etc. :)
So I decided to see if I could come up with something that would be both (a little) educational and fun. I simplified my toy as much as I could and came up with this little rover.
The chassis is a box that originally contained crab-sticks. It turns out that the size was just perfect. (Thanks Dad for munching those by the crate-full :D ) A margarine container would probably also be the right size.
As a disclaimer, I will describe here how we built those robots and we let the kids do almost all the work themselves. I don't, by any means, recommend doing so. It's up to you as the responsible parents / guardians / aunt / uncle / babysitter... to determine whether each child in question can be trusted with the various tasks. Even though it wasn't really necessary, the children were made to wear protective goggles when working on the robots. The boxes we used were made of really soft plastic so I let my nephew and niece cut into those themselves after a briefing on the dangers of pointing the carpet knife towards themselves or their own limbs.To drill the holes for the LEDs, we used a small cordless electric screwdriver to limit the potential injuries.
I'm happy to report that the medical kit that I had on standby is still unused. :)
But to re-iterate, YOU are the adult!
I made the circuit a little more complicated than I could have by connecting both servos the way I did.
For the kids... I keep saying that but the 'kids' included my sister (35 y/o) and my Mom (65 y/o), both of whom enjoyed the afternoon of Robots-and-Crafts as much as the actual children. :)
So for my audience, I printed the image on an A4 page trying to keep the scale of the breadboard 1:1 with the real world and gave them all jumper wires of the correct colour and length.
Once the circuit is assembled, simply load the program onto the Arduino. I included comments in the code to help you tweak the code a little, should you need to. If everything is connected properly, the servos should start turning and the LEDs will blink. And if you put your hand in front of the sensor, one servo servo will stop and the other spin in the other direction briefly.
It's time to take you 'chassis' and make holes in it.
At the front, mark the position of your sensor and cut out the 'eye' holes.
On the side, measure nicely where you want the wheels to go and cut a hole in the side, at the edge of the bottom of the box, big enough for the servo to fit in but small enough so the mounting brackets don't go through.
Using a small drill bit, drill out 2 little holes for the LEDs.
On the bottom of the box, toward the back, screw in the caster wheel (or hot glue it).
Now you are ready to put everything in the box, and hot glue the stuff in place.
Mount the wheels onto the servos once the glue has set.
Decorate the box! (And post pictures on them! That'd be awesome!)
Put in the batteries and watch the little rover move around the room randomly until the batteries run out. Or you get tired of the noise. Or the dog gets hold of it! :D