Charles Hill
Created April 19, 2016

Apartment Motion Detector Security System

This project uses a photo resistor and LED to detect motion between the beam created by the LED to report an event to my photon board.

EasyWork in progress2 hours133
Apartment Motion Detector Security System

Things used in this project

Hardware components

Photon
Particle Photon
×1
Solderless Breadboard Half Size
Solderless Breadboard Half Size
Used the breadboard supplied with the photon kit.
×1
Photo resistor
Photo resistor
Used the photo resister supplied with the photon kit.
×1
Resistor 221 ohm
Resistor 221 ohm
Used the resistors supplied with the photon kit.
×2
LED (generic)
LED (generic)
Used the red LED supplied with the photon kit.
×1

Software apps and online services

Arduino IDE
Arduino IDE
Same type of code.

Hand tools and fabrication machines

Soldering iron (generic)
Soldering iron (generic)
Wire Strippers

Story

Read more

Schematics

Photon Schematic

This is how the photon is hooked up to the components. The photo resister is attached to the door and the LED is attached to the door frame.
Photon photoresistor fritzing

Code

Photon Motion Detector Code

Arduino
// -----------------------------------------
// Publish and Dashboard with Photoresistors
// -----------------------------------------
// This app will publish an event when the beam of light between the LED and the photoresistor is broken.
// It will publish a different event when the light is intact again.

// Just like before, we're going to start by declaring which pins everything is plugged into.

int led = D0; // This is where your LED is plugged in. The other side goes to a resistor connected to GND.
int boardLed = D7; // This is the LED that is already on your device.
// On the Core, it's the LED in the upper right hand corner.
// On the Photon, it's next to the D7 pin.

int photoresistor = A0; // This is where your photoresistor is plugged in. The other side goes to the "power" pin (below).

int power = A5; // This is the other end of your photoresistor. The other side is plugged into the "photoresistor" pin (above).

// The following values get set up when your device boots up and calibrates:
int intactValue; // This is the average value that the photoresistor reads when the beam is intact.
int brokenValue; // This is the average value that the photoresistor reads when the beam is broken.
int beamThreshold; // This is a value halfway between ledOnValue and ledOffValue, above which we will assume the led is on and below which we will assume it is off.

bool beamBroken = false; // This flag will be used to mark if we have a new status or not. We will use it in the loop.

// We start with the setup function.

void setup() {
  // This part is mostly the same:
  pinMode(led,OUTPUT); // Our LED pin is output (lighting up the LED)
  pinMode(boardLed,OUTPUT); // Our on-board LED is output as well
  pinMode(photoresistor,INPUT);  // Our photoresistor pin is input (reading the photoresistor)
  pinMode(power,OUTPUT); // The pin powering the photoresistor is output (sending out consistent power)

  // Next, write the power of the photoresistor to be the maximum possible, which is 4095 in analog.
  digitalWrite(power,HIGH);

  // Since everyone sets up their leds differently, we are also going to start by calibrating our photoresistor.
  // This one is going to require some input from the user!

  // First, the D7 LED will go on to tell you to put your hand in front of the beam.
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(2000);

  // Then, the D7 LED will go off and the LED will turn on.
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);
  digitalWrite(led,HIGH);
  delay(500);

  // Now we'll take some readings...
  int on_1 = analogRead(photoresistor); // read photoresistor
  delay(200); // wait 200 milliseconds
  int on_2 = analogRead(photoresistor); // read photoresistor
  delay(300); // wait 300 milliseconds

  // Now flash to let us know that you've taken the readings...
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);
  delay(100);

  // Now the D7 LED will go on to tell you to remove your hand...
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(2000);

  // The D7 LED will turn off...
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);

  // ...And we will take two more readings.
  int off_1 = analogRead(photoresistor); // read photoresistor
  delay(200); // wait 200 milliseconds
  int off_2 = analogRead(photoresistor); // read photoresistor
  delay(1000); // wait 1 second

  // Now flash the D7 LED on and off three times to let us know that we're ready to go!
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
  delay(100);
  digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);


  // Now we average the "on" and "off" values to get an idea of what the resistance will be when the LED is on and off
  intactValue = (on_1+on_2)/2;
  brokenValue = (off_1+off_2)/2;

  // Let's also calculate the value between ledOn and ledOff, above which we will assume the led is on and below which we assume the led is off.
  beamThreshold = (intactValue+brokenValue)/2;

}


// Now for the loop.

void loop() {
  /* In this loop function, we're going to check to see if the beam has been broken.
  When the status of the beam changes, we'll send a Particle.publish() to the cloud
  so that if we want to, we can check from other devices when the LED is on or off.

  We'll also turn the D7 LED on when the Photoresistor detects a beam breakage.
  */

  if (analogRead(photoresistor)>beamThreshold) {

    /* If you are above the threshold, we'll assume the beam is intact.
    If the beam was intact before, though, we don't need to change anything.
    We'll use the beamBroken flag to help us find this out.
    This flag monitors the current status of the beam.
    After the beam is broken, it is set TRUE
    and when the beam reconnects it is set to FALSE.
    */

    if (beamBroken==true) {
        // If the beam was broken before, then this is a new status.
        // We will send a publish to the cloud and turn the LED on.

        // Send a publish to your devices...
        Particle.publish("beamStatus","intact",60,PRIVATE);
        // And flash the on-board LED on and off.
        digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
        delay(500);
        digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);

        // Finally, set the flag to reflect the current status of the beam.
        beamBroken=false;
    }
    else {
        // Otherwise, this isn't a new status, and we don't have to do anything.
    }
  }

  else {
      // If you are below the threshold, the beam is probably broken.
      if (beamBroken==false) {

        // Send a publish...
        Particle.publish("beamStatus","broken",60,PRIVATE);
        // And flash the on-board LED on and off.
        digitalWrite(boardLed,HIGH);
        delay(500);
        digitalWrite(boardLed,LOW);

        // Finally, set the flag to reflect the current status of the beam.
        beamBroken=true;
      }
      else {
          // Otherwise, this isn't a new status, and we don't have to do anything.
      }
  }

}

Credits

Charles Hill

Charles Hill

1 project • 1 follower
Thanks to Particle.

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